In historical Chongqing the dogs were owned mainly by prestigious officials,
other "well to do" locals or rich farmers and hunters.
The dogs have been found in small cities, such as Da Zu, Lin Shui and Guang An, surrounding Chongqing.
There have been a few minor developmental differences in these dogs as they evolved in these different areas.
All have been used as security guards and for hunting and recreational purposes.
The more outstanding specimens were used as status symbols and were almost ornamental in some of the yards in Chongqing.
The more social dogs were used for hunting and some for visiting specialty nursing homes.
Since the mid-20th century, Chongqing saw a steady decline in the number of dogs and dog breeding to the original true-type.